Volume 11 Part 1 Article 22: Mushroom Yield as Affected by Compost Formulations and Growing Houses in India

Volume 11 Part 1 Article 22
Year 1981
Title: Mushroom Yield as Affected by Compost Formulations and Growing Houses in India
Authors: T.R. Shandilya and D.S. Guleria


Until 1974, the cultivation of Agaricus bisporus (Lange)Imbach in India was done using a long method of composting (LMC) according to techniques outlined by Mantel et al (1972) and Seth and Shandilya (1975). In these methods compost pasteurization was done either by steam or with the incorporation of nemagon as a chemical pasteurisation agent, after a prolonged composting time of 28 days to ensure an inactive compost. Following, the research of Hayes and Shandilya (1977) six formulations were developed as being applicable to conditions in Himachel Pradesh and were designated as Mushroom Research Centre Formulations 1-6 or MRC-Fl to MRC-F6, five of which are recommended for corranercial application. MRC-Fl is most widely used.

A wide range of mushroom growing houses are used in Himachel Pradesh, varying from the sophisticated to relatively simple designs. The sophisticated houses, with artificial insulation and controlled environments (CEC) are costly. It was suggested by Hayes (1975) that low cost houses should be designed for mushroom cultivation in order to exploit the favourable climatic conditions. This led to the use of mud houses in which mushrooms are cultivated under natural environmental conditions (NEC).

Present studies are thus a part of a series of trials designed to develop a system of growing more production substrates which are best suited to local conditions. The results of trials done over the last few years are reported here.

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