Volume 13 Part 1 Article 21: Screening strains of Agaricus bisporus in tropics of Northern India

Volume 13 Part 1 Article 21
Year 1991
Title: Screening strains of Agaricus bisporus in tropics of Northern India
Authors: R.P. Phutela, H.S. Garcha and H.S. Sodhi

Abstract:

The temperate mushroom, Agaricus bisporus contributes about 60% of World Mushroom Production. Its cultivation is gaining popularity in tropical regions. In the plains of Northern India, Agaricus bisporus is being cultivated indoors under natural climatic conditions during the short and limited winter season. The performance of a strain depends on its genetic constitution and also on its interaction with environmental factors both of which may alter the yield output. The Agaricus bisporus strains procured from England, The Netherlands, Germany and temperate regions of the country were evaluated to select the most useful potential genotype. Studies on growth rate, mycelial characteristics and cropping pattern revealed a strain, Sil, procured from West Germany as best performer giving 24.2% biological efficiency. The mushroom yield also indicated strains with fast and slow productivity rate. The observations made on each strain are discussed.

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