Volume 17 Part 1 Article 62: Cultivation of Pleurotus Mushrooms on Forest Wood Dusts in Nigeria

Volume 17 Part 1 Article 62
Year 2008
Title: Cultivation of Pleurotus Mushrooms on Forest Wood Dusts in Nigeria
Author: B.J. Akinyele

Abstract:

Sawdust of common forest woods was used as substrate for the cultivation of Pleurotus pulmonaris and P. ostreatus mushrooms and a mixture of equal weights of each wood dust was used as a control. The woods were Terminalia ivonensis, Ceiba pentandra, Triplocolor scleroxylon, Holoptelea grandis, Albizia zygia, Hibiscus lunariifolius, Alstonia boonei and Ficus mucuso. The substrates had an average of 24.3% biological efficiency. One-hundred grams of the substrate produced 15.8 g mushroom while 1 kg produced 869 g. Ceiba pentandra and Alstonia boonei supported fruit-body production of P. pulmonaris while a mixture of Terminalia ivonensis and Ceiba pentandra supported fruit-body production of P. ostreatus. Proximate analysis revealed high protein and low fat contents of the cultivated mushrooms but the type of wood dusts was observed to affect the composition of the harvested mushrooms. Growth of P. pulmonaris fruit body was noticed after 8 weeks of inoculation on Ceiba pentandra sawdust and after 9 weeks on Terminalia ivonensis, while P. ostreatus showed signs of fruit-body production on these substrates after 11 and 12 weeks, respectively. No growth was observed on the other substrates.

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