Volume 12 Part 2 Article 62
Title: Present Plant Protection Problems in Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus and Its Hybrid Strains) Growing in Hungary
Author: J. Györfi
Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus and its hybrid strains) growing has kept spreading widely in Hungary in the last decade. Due to this trend further yield increase can be expected in the future.
As far as growing took place sporadically, practically hobby level neither pathogens nor pests had been identified on growing sites. The intensive growing system, however, has induced the occurrence of different pathogens and pests and this tendency is expected to cause ever increasing problems. In accordance with our findings we have to face similar or even the same pathogens and/or pests in Oyster mushroom growing like in cultivated mushrooms. Thus the significant part of experiences obtained in this field can be well utilized in Oyster mushroom production.
It should be remembered, however, that its characters, growing technology and substrata are significantly different from cultivated mushroom. For this reason the observation of pathogens and pests damaging Oyster mushroom should be made regularly even if they might be partly identical with those found in cultivated mushroom. In addition pesticides cannot be applied in the same way as at cultivated mushroom either.
Since large-scale Oyster mushroom production has not its tradition yet, our achievements in pest control show quite a lot of shortages. Just for this reason in addition to the review of experiences obtained so far I also want to deal with those problems which are not satisfactorily solved yet thus further studies have to be made. I feel it necessary to note here that the features and quality of substrata as well as the conditions of storage and the preparation of substances all play a significant role, from plant protection point of view, in Oyster mushroom growing.Please login to download the PDF for this proceeding.