Volume 12 Part 2 Article 49: Domestication of Nameko Mushroom in India

Volume 12 Part 2 Article 49
Year 1989
Title: Domestication of Nameko Mushroom in India
Authors: A. Krishna and B.K. Sharma

Abstract:

Mushrooms have been used since ages by man as food or medicine, reference to such an use has been made even in ancient Indian Medical Treatise – Samhita of Atreya Charaka dating back to 3000 + 500 B.C. (Pandey and Singh, 1978). They owe their utility chiefly due to the presence of easily digestable proteins, minerals, ammo acids,, vitamins and compared favourably with vegetables in terms of calories. In India the merits of consuming mushrooms are becoming increasingly known in view of the vegetarian habits of a large proportion of this population.

No doubt the cultivation of edible mushrooms started about 200 years ago and a number of varieties are under cultivation m the world, but in India the cultivation is still restricted to a few species only. The present study was aimed to explore the cultivation possibilities of other varieties which can easily grow on fermented, semifermented or unfermented substrates. Nameko is the name of a group of ligmcolous taxa withm the genus Pholiota. In the present study two species namely Pholiota adiposa and Pholiota nameko have been taken up.

Literature shows lot of work has been done in Japan on ligmcolous mushrooms (Arita, 1968, 1978 and 1980; Hashioka, 1974,1977 and 1978).

Nameko mushrooms provide good flavour and colour and can easily be brought under domestication on semipasteunzed raw materials.

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