Volume 12 Part 2 Article 40: Cultivation of Auricularia polytricha (Mont.) Sacc. (Jews Ear Mushroom) on Wheat Straw

Volume 12 Part 2 Article 40
Year 1989
Title: Cultivation of Auricularia polytricha (Mont.) Sacc. (Jews Ear Mushroom) on Wheat Straw
Authors: M.S. Bhandal and K.B. Mehta

Abstract:

The Jew’s Ear Mushroom is popular in South East Asian countries and is considered a delicacy due to its special cartilaginous texture. It is under cultivation in China, Taiwan, S. Korea, Japan, Thailand etc. In India, even though this mushroom is collected as a natural growth from the hilly parts and consumed (Singh and Devi, 1986), no attempt has been made on its cultivation so far. Since centuries Auricularia has been cultivated on wood logs and m recent times many workers have standardized its cultivation on saw dust and paddy straw after compos-ting or supplementation (Quimio, 1977; Cheng and Tu, 1978; Lou, 1982; Anon, 1983) . Preliminary studies on evaluation of locally available substrates for mycelial growth and fructification indicated that wheat straw and corn cobs can serve as good substrates for its cultivation and rice bran was found to enhance mycelial growth (Bhandal and Mehta, 1986). Its fruit bodies have good shelf life and it can grow well under sub-tropical environmental conditions. Thus there is a good prospect of its exploitation m our country. So experiments on A. polytncha were conducted using fresh and composted wheat straw; both with and without rice bran supplementation.

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