Volume 12 Part 2 Article 32 A New Technology “Plastic Bag Cultivation Method” for Growing Shiitake Mushroom

Volume 12 Part 2 Article 32
Year 1989
Title: A New Technology “Plastic Bag Cultivation Method” for Growing Shiitake Mushroom
Author: M.S. Ho

Abstract:

Growing technique of mushroom is one of the traditional Chinese art, it was recorded in Chin Dynasty in 1871. In Taiwan, the experimental Lentinus edodes mushroom growing was made just before World War II and commercial growing was started in 1957 (Ho, 1978).

In early attempts to cultivate Shiitake, one of the painstaking techniques used was to cut small hatchet notches on the trunks, to provide gateways for the wind-borne spores, and the growers had to wait patiently until the Shiitake mycelium would spread into the wood and bear fruit bodies. This method is very dependent on natural elements and from it one cannot expect a large or steady production of Shiitake. This original semicultivating method did not use any inoculum. A more rational method was the spore-suspension one.

Since the latter part of the 19th century, many growers dedicated themselves to this method of cultivation. At about this time, propagation by spores was introduced. In this century, it was proved by experimentation that the method of inoculating pure cultured sawdust spawn was safe and successful (Ito, 1978).

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