Volume 12 Part 2 Article 24: The Cultivation of Pleurotus Mushrooms on Unsterilized Substrates in the Field

Volume 12 Part 2 Article 24
Year 1989
Title: The Cultivation of Pleurotus Mushrooms on Unsterilized Substrates in the Field
Authors: Pei-Ji Sun and Jian-Jun Yu

Abstract:

Pleurotus mushrooms are cosmopolitan species on dead wood as saprophytes and primary decomposers. Being a delicious edible fungus, Pleurotus mushrooms (“Celestia Flower Mushroom” called in anciant China) have had a very long history in China. They had been listed on palace recipes in Tang dynasty. In China, Pleurotus growing started in the thirties or earlier, with major commercial- scale operations during the later years. It has been demonstrated that lignocellulose-containing residues without being sterilized are suitable as substrates for Pleurotus spp. The increase of consumption of mushrooms in our country raises the income of the growers. The development and introduction of a simple and low-cost cultivation techique has become an important programme for scientists. The culture practice of Pleurotus mushrooms on unsterilized substrates in the field has been recommended as an effective method in our country. In order to transfer this technology to a large-scale production system, some changes are necessary. We studied this technique since 1981, then it was widely distributed as production method and significant effects were achieved.

This paper reports results of studies on the cultivation of Pleurotus mushrooms with unsterilized substrates in the field and its application to the production.

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