Volume 12 Part 2 Article 19: Simple Technology to Cultivate Pleurotus on Coffee Pulp in the Tropics

Volume 12 Part 2 Article 19
Year 1989
Title: Simple Technology to Cultivate Pleurotus on Coffee Pulp in the Tropics
Author: D. Martinez-Carrera

Abstract:

At the present time, different species and varieties of Coffea are one of the most cultivated plants in tropical areas. Coffee production is an economically important industry in more than fifty underdeveloped countries of America, Africa and Asia. The commercialized coffee grain represents only 55.4 % of the fruit on a dry weight basis, and the rest is considered as byproducts or residues of the wet coffee processing method. Coffee pulp is the most abundant by-product representing 28.7 % on dry weight basis, and is formed from the epicarp and part of the mesocarp of the fruit (Bressam 1979). Millions of tons of coffee pulp are produced all over the world every year, remaining the majority unused so far (Martinez-Carrera et al., 1984). The present paper deals with the use of coffee pulp as substrate for the cultivation of Pleurotus mushrooms, and also tries to demonstrate that mushroom cultivation can be an efficient biological process for the recycling and degradation of such coffee pulp. This process can be performed not only at commercial scale, but also on a cooperative and domestic level.

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