Volume 12 Part 2 Article 16: Cultivation of Pleurotus Species on Cotton Waste

Volume 12 Part 2 Article 16
Year 1989
Title: Cultivation of Pleurotus Species on Cotton Waste
Author: R.K. Kulkarni

Abstract:

The edible oyster mushroan, Pleurotus sp., is cultivated in many countries in the subtropical and temperate regions (Leong, 1982). An attractive feature of this group of mushrocms is that they can utilize a large variety of agricultural waste products, and transform the lignocellulosic bianass into food of high quality, flavor and nutritive value (Quimio, 1978; Bano and Rajarathnam, 1982). Pleurotus sp. that have been considered for human consumption include P. ostreatus, P. eryngii, P. cornucopiae, P. sajor-caju and P. sapidus (Leong, 1982).

The nutritional requirements and the limits of the physical environment for mycelial growth and fruiting have been investigated for many Pleurotus sp. (Zadrazil 1978; Kurtzman and Zadrazil 1982). In addition several practical aspects of cultivation, using cereal straw, sawdust and rice husks have been surmarized (Zadrazil 1978; Zadrazil and Kurtzman 1982). Recent studies have indicated that cotton waste is also a good substrate for the cultivation of Pleurotus sp. (Tan, 1981; Leong, 1982).

The efficacy of cotton waste for the cultivation of different oyster mushroan varieties was examined. In addition the performance of four different genotypes of P. ostreatus en cotton waste, under controlled environmental conditiens was conpared.

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