Volume 12 Part 2 Article 12: Influence of Residual Vegetable Crop Biomass on Yield and Mineral Content of Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Singer

Volume 12 Part 2 Article 12
Year 1989
Title: Influence of Residual Vegetable Crop Biomass on Yield and Mineral Content of Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Singer
Authors: G. Ganeshan, R.P. Tewari and B.S. Bhargava

Abstract:

Pleurotus species growing wild in nature, are well known for their culinary taste and flavour. Although many species are edible, only a few such as, P. cystidiosus, P. flabellatus, P. sp. cfr. Florida, P. ostreatus and P. sajor-caju are commercially cultivated in different parts of the world (Jandaik, 1974; Jong and Peng, 1975; Zadrazil, 1978). The first report on artificial cultivation of P. sajor-caju (Fr.) Smger, was made by Jandaik (1974) on banana pseudostem and chopped rice straw. In recent years, this species has become popular for its capability to grow on different substrates under various temperature and humidity regimes (Chang et al., 1981).

In India, a large number of vegetables are grown and immediately after harvest, the residual biomass is often discarded or used as manure on decomposition. P. sajor-caju is a saprophytic fungus (Zadrazil, 1980) and inhabits a wide range of substrates. The present study was carried out to evaluate various vegetable crop residual biomass for production of P. sajor-caju and study their influence on nutritive value m terms of protein and mineral content.

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