Volume 12 Part 1 Article 76: Past and Future of Edible Mushroom Cultivation in Southeast Asia

Volume 12 Part 1 Article 76
Year 1989
Title: Past and Future of Edible Mushroom Cultivation in Southeast Asia
Authors: S.T. Chang and Y.H. Tan


It is assumed that Southeast Asia has been identified by virtue of its member Cuntries lying within the tropical belt. It is also a common notion that mushrooms cultivated in the Tropics are those which adapt to a warm environment. Although this is generally true, it must be remembered that there exist temperature variations within these countries because of either altitude or seasonal changes. On hilly areas of above 1,000 metres altitude, for example, one would be cultivating the type of mushrocms which are normally indigenous to tenperate countries. It must also be borne in mind that with modem technologies of cultivation under cxintrolled environmental conditions, any type of cultivated mushroom can be grown under any condition although in this case the economics involving energy input has to be considered. We shall also take the liberty of referring to the mushrc>:m production status in countries outside Southeast Asia for the purpose of comparison and evaluation.

The developing countries of Southeast Asia have agriculture or agro-based industries as their main income-eamer. Indeed the world’s top producers of rubber and palm-oil namely Malaysia and Indonesia are located in this region. An abundance of agricultural ‘waste’ materials which could be organically recycled into nutritious bicmass like the mushroom is readily available often at negative exist. In less developed countries there is a cure need for protein food whereby the average daily protein intake has been estimated to be less than twice that of developed countries.

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