Volume 12 Part 1 Article 70: A Hungarian Mushroom Farm Demonstrating the Traditional Growing Method between the Two World Wars

Volume 12 Part 1 Article 70
Year 1989
Title: A Hungarian Mushroom Farm Demonstrating the Traditional Growing Method between the Two World Wars
Author: G. Tasnadi

Abstract:

The oldest mushroom growing method, so-called ridge bed production, had been developed in France in the 17th century. This method described in TOURNEFQRT (1707) and illustrated in Fig. 1 was largely identical to the bed system, sometimes in use even today (e.g., in old glasshouses in the environs of London, and in some caves in Hungary).

Agaricus bisporus was successfully cultivated in Hungary already in the 1850’s (TASNADI 1986). One of the earliest producers, RITTER (1B59) still used various kinds of horticultural structures but nevertheless recommended cave production as well. Ridge bed production started in the 1880’s, in caves in the environs of Budapest, similarly to Paris (Fig. 2), but was unable to reach a larger scale before the First World War, primarily because of the uneven quality of old type spawns.

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