Volume 12 Part 1 Article 63: Medicinal Mushrooms in China

Volume 12 Part 1 Article 63
Year 1989
Title: Medicinal Mushrooms in China
Authors: Q.Y. Yang and S.C. Jong

Abstract:

Medicinal mushrooms have a history of almost 2,000 years in China. In “Shen Nong Ben Cao Jin” (“Compendium of Materia Medica” of the godly Farmer) of the East Han dynasty (100 – 200 A.D.) there is a record of medicinal mushrooms such as Ganoderma lucidum, Macrohyporia cocos, Grifola umbrellata, Polyporus mylittae, Calvatia lilacina and Tremella fuciformis.

Nowadays with the progress of medical science, the medicinal mushrooms in China has some new development. By means of investigation of the resources and the separation of the spawns, we have sorted out 107 kinds of medicinal mushrooms, among which Ganoderma lucidum, G. sinensis, Macrohyporia cocos, Coriolus versicolor, Hericium erinaceus, Lentinus edodes, Armillariella mellea, Armillariella tabescens and Marasmius androsaceus have already been cultivated artificially. Besides, we can also utilize large-sized fermentation tanks to cultivate by submerging the mushrooms in deep layers. The production of the medicinal herbs in China has already been on the road of industrialization.

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