Volume 12 Part 1 Article 33: Paddy Straw Compost Formulations for Growing Button Mushroom and Its Comparison with Traditionally Hade Compost Based on Wheat Straw and Chicken Manure

Volume 12 Part 1 Article 33
Year 1989
Title: Paddy Straw Compost Formulations for Growing Button Mushroom and Its Comparison with Traditionally Hade Compost Based on Wheat Straw and Chicken Manure
Author: T.R. Shandilya

Abstract:

India is a country with different agro-climatic regions supporting different crops. There has been tremendous increase in the area under cereals during the past one decade. Due to the increase in cultivable area of cereal crops have resulted in the availability of wheat and paddy straw in quantity. Both these materials have been used as substrates for growing temperate as well as tropical mushrooms. Because of non-availability of horse manure, synthetic compost made on wheat straw has been recommended by various workers (Lambert, 1929; Sinden, 1946; Stoller, 1963; Edwards, 1950; Gerrits, 1974; Hayes and Handle, 1968; Shandilya, 1976, 1980).

Since wheat straw is not available in areas where paddy is grown it was thought of upmost importance to use paddy straw for compost preparation under Indian conditions which would help in increasing the mushroom production and utilization of agricultural waste (paddy straw). Compost made on paddy straw has been reported by many workers (Heltay and Istvan, 1962; Takahashi et al., 1978) from other countries. Though use of paddy straw as a compost substrate for A. bisporus based on long method of composting have been reported by many workers from India (Kachroo et al., 1979; Tewari and Sohi, 1976; Garcha et al., 1981) but there seems to be no report available in literature on the use of paddy straw as a compost substrate based on short method of composting under Indian conditions except a preliminary work done by Shandilya and Hayes (1976). We at our centre have developed paddy straw formulations and this paper deals with their composting process, composition, pasteurization and comparison with traditionally made compost based on wheat straw and chicken manure.

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