Volume 12 Part 1 Article 27: New Substrates for Spawn Production of Button Mushroom Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Singer

Volume 12 Part 1 Article 27
Year 1989
Title: New Substrates for Spawn Production of Button Mushroom Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Singer
Authors: E.M. Goltapeh and J.N. Kapoor

Abstract:

Quality of spawn is basic for the successful commercial mushroom cultivation. Most significant advance in spawn making took place when Sinden (1931) showed that mycelium of Agaricus bisporus grew vigorously on cereal grains (Grain spawn). Since then cereal grain are being extensively employed for mushroom spawn production by the spawn laboratories all over the world. However, the use of cereals for this purpose seems to be wasteful because they are getting scarcer even for human consumption. It was considered useful to substitute cereal with some suitable commercially unimportant seeds or other waste inorganic materials. The present study was undertaken to find out the suitability of some commonly available materials such as seeds of Crotalaria juncea, Gossypium sp., Pongamia glabra and chips of earthenware and marble.

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