Volume 12 Part 1 Article 22: Germplasm Preseatvation of Edible Fungi for Mushroom Cultivation

Volume 12 Part 1 Article 22
Year 1989
Title: Germplasm Preseatvation of Edible Fungi for Mushroom Cultivation
Author: Shung-Chang Jong

Abstract:

The American Type Culture Collection (ATCC), a non-profit scientific organization established in 1925, serves as the most comprehensive repository of standardized biological materials in the world. One of its major functions is the distribution of authenticated cultures of living microorganisms, viruses and cell lines. More than 80,000 cultures were distributed to scientists around the world in 1986 alone and over the last five years 250,000 cultures were distributed. The uses of these cultures are diverse, having applications cross science, medicine, industry and agriculture.

The ATCC maintains a wide variety of living fungi having over 22,000 strains representing more than 5,000 species and 1,200 genera (Jong & Gantt 1987). Included in the holdings is a special international culture collection, germplasm bank, of edible fungi designed to meet the worldwide need for a source of reliable starter cultures for research or commercial use in mushroom production (Jong & Davis 1987).

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