Volume 10 Part 2 Article 54: Paddy Straw Mushroom in North India

Volume 10 Part 2 Article 54
Year 1979
Title: Paddy Straw Mushroom in North India
Authors: H.S. Garcha and K.L. Kalra

Abstract:

The cultivation of paddy straw mushroom is the oldest among mushroom culture (Singer, 1961). However, this mushroom was introduced in India during 1939-1945 (Kannaiyan and Prasard, 1976) but its cultivation did not attain commercial status in this country in spite of the fact that raw materials are cheap and are easily available, labour cost is low and suitable environmental conditions exist. This can be attributed to the inadequate available information regarding its cultivation, scaricity of spawn supply and above all, the unorganized marketing infrastructure.

Regarding the Punjab State in North India, the cu Itivation of Paddy stfaw mushroom is of recent origin. There is, however, a great scope for the establishment of paddy straw mushroom cultivation industry in this State, since enough rice is produced in this area resulting in the availability of sufficient straw which is important raw material for its cultivation. Besides, rice (Oryza sativa) production, the Punjab State produces enough of other cereals like wheat (Triticum aestivum), barley (Hordeum vulgare) , etc. resu Iting in the availability of abundant straw, which can also be exploited for this purpose. Moreover, the natural climatic conditions of tbe State are suitable for growing 4 crops of this mushroom from April-August period of the year (Garcha,1976).

For establishing the mushroom industry in this area, various experiments were conducted at the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana during 1975-77. The data accrued from this study is presented in this paper.

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