Volume 10 Part 2 Article 51: Effect of Nitrogen Amendment on the Growth of Volvariella volvacea

Volume 10 Part 2 Article 51
Year 1979
Title: Effect of Nitrogen Amendment on the Growth of Volvariella volvacea
Authors: Yung Chang-Ho and Teck Mui Ho

Abstract:

Singer (1961) reported the natural occurrence of Volvariella volvacea, Singer (straw mushroom; Chinese mushroom) on padi straw, decomposing wood, residues from distillation or fermentation of numerous tropical plants such as Musa, arrow-root, Geranium, also on coffee pulp, rotting oil-palm stipes, sugar cane, citronel, Sagus and Indigofera refuse. Growth of this mushroom on rotting oil palm inflorescence peduncle has also been observed by the authors.

Traditionally Volvariella volvacea has always been cultivated on padi straw. Lately much interest has been generated on the use of other substrates for its cultivation (Chang, 1977). The yield can vary from 1.5% on oil palm pericarp waste (Chen and Graham, 1973) to 45.2% on cotton waste (Hu, Sung and Liu, 1973). Fluctuations in yield may be attributed to many causes such as the quality of spawn and cultural practices (Chang, 1964) but the composition of the substrate may also be important. It is the purpose of this study to investigate the effect of nitrogen in the substrate on the growth of V. volvacea.

Please login to download the PDF for this proceeding.