Volume 10 Part 2 Article 46: Cultivation of Edible Fungi in Taiwan

Volume 10 Part 2 Article 46
Year 1979
Title: Cultivation of Edible Fungi in Taiwan
Authors: Ming-Shu Ho and You-Hsin Han

Abstract:

Mushroom in Western countries usually means Agaricus bisporus, and means Lentinus edodes in Japan. In Taiwan, Mushroom does not only mean A. bisporus or L. edodes but also means Volvariella volvacea, Flammulina velutipes and some times including many other kinds of edible fungi such as Auricularia, Tremella and Pleurotus families.

Taiwan is situated at 119°18’03”-124°34’30” east longitude and 21°45’25″25° 56’30” north latitude. It adjoins the Pacific Ocean in the east, looks southward to the Philippine Islands, separated from the Chinese mainland by the Taiwan Straits in the West, and is 300 odd nautical miles from Okinawa in the northeast. Taiwan proper runs 377 km in length from north to south and 142 km in width at the widst point. The Central Mountain Range, running from north to south, separates the island into Eastern and Western Zones. On the east coast, slopes fall away to the Pacific depth, and on the west side the land is extended 15 to 30 kilometers from the foothills to the sea level formed a big plain area suitable for farming.

The climate is subtropical in the north and tropical in the south. Except the mountain moderate temperature region, the average monthly temperature in winter is about 15°C and summer 28 °C. The average annual rainfall in past years is 2,590 mm (101 in.) with its maximum of more than 5,200 mm (208 in.). Due to the different direction of winter and summer monsoon, the northern Taiwan is rainy in winter, while the southern Taiwan’s rainy season is covered from early summer to fall. One specific feature related to climate which should be mentioned here is “Typhoon”. With its violent strength and tremendous rainfall, the typhoon often brings the revolving tropical storm to the island and causes heavy damage particularly to the agricultural crops. The total population in Taiwan is 16.5 million of which about 35% or 5.563 thousand live on farms and derive their income from agriculture. The number of farm families is about 870,787.

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