Volume 19 Part 1 Article 45
Title: The effectiveness of the oyster mushroom growing on the locally available substrates in rural regions of Africa and Europe
Author: Martin Pavlík and Peace Byandusya
The oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq.) P.Kumm. is a saprophytic fungus speeding up wood decomposition and producing the healthy and nutritious fruiting bodies. This ability could be used for biodegradation of waste wood unusable in the forest management or wood technology and a variety of other agricultural wastes. This ability could also be used for a very important purpose: to provide an opportunity to work as well as livelihood for the people in rural and poor areas.
The Mushroom Training and Resource Centre (MTRC) aims to improve the livelihoods for present and future generations within rural communities in Kabale, Kanungu and Kisoro districts of Uganda through increased mushroom production and sales. Mushrooms are grown on agricultural wastes, converting them into valuable food. The production of the oyster fruiting bodies runs for 3 months. Production reached approximately 50% of the biological efficiency. Evaluating the production and Cash Flow shows the farmer breaks even in the 6th week or at the half of the second month of production.
The economic evaluation of the oyster mushroom production inoculated into 40 beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) wood blocks during a five year period was made under forest condition of Slovak Republic. The biological efficiency reached almost 30 %. Economic return has been measured by dynamic indicators of the investment projects evaluation. Results of the net present value (NPV=798.80€), as well as the profitability index (PI= 2.52), and discounted payback period (DPP≈ 2years) point at the high profitability of such project type in given conditions.Please login to download the PDF for this proceeding.