Volume 19 Part 1 Article 38: Utilization of locally available biomass for cultivation of Calocybe indica mushroom

Volume 19 Part 1 Article 38
Year 2016
Title: Utilization of locally available biomass for cultivation of Calocybe indica mushroom
Author: Ajay Singh, Himanshi Rathore, Shalinee Prasad and Satyawati Sharma and Sujata Makkar

Abstract:
Calocybe indica is an indigenous mushroom commonly known as milky mushroom that can be cultivated throughout the year, except December and January months in the entire plains of India. Cultivation of this variety of mushroom has been studied on various substrates like paddy straw, sugarcane trash, cotton waste and coconut coir pith. But utilization of wastes such as shredded leaves for the cultivation of this mushroom has not been done so far. The objective of the present study was to investigate the potential and utilization of the locally available forage wastes i.e Syzygium cumini (Jamun), Cassia fistula (Amaltas), Bauhinia variegata (Kachnar) and Azadirachta indica (Neem). These were taken in five different ratios i.e., 0:100, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 and 100:0. Results indicated that all the leaves used in the study supported the growth of Calocybe indica. The highest biological efficiency was obtained from the mushroom cultivated on 100% leaves of Bauhinia variegata i.e. Biological efficiency up to 120% followed by the combination of the above leaves with 50% of Triticum aestivum straw (B.E 102%). Similar results were obtained at 50:50 ratios in case of Triticum aestivum (Wheat) straw mixed with Azadirachta indica leaves. Lowest yield (8%) was recorded from the 100% leaves of Cassia fistula. The results revealed the potential usage of leaves as one of the substrate for the cultivation of edible and medicinal mushrooms.

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