Volume 19 Part 1 Article 156: Conservation Methodology Development and Creation of a Fungal Genetic Resource Collection of Wild Fungi in La Rioja (Spain)

Volume 19 Part 1 Article 156
Year 2016
Title: Conservation Methodology Development and Creation of a Fungal Genetic Resource Collection of Wild Fungi in La Rioja (Spain)
Author: Ma Luisa Tello-Martín, Margarita Pérez Clavijo

Abstract:
The most extraordinary feature of life is its diversity. Scientists estimate that species loss rate has increase from 1,000 to 10,000 times the background rate, with literally dozens of species going extinct every day. In the case of fungi, biodiversity loss is unpredictable because the overall number of species remains still unknown though estimates set this value ranging from 0.5–9.9 million. Currently, only 70,000 species have been described, thus representing a mere 5-10% of the total diversity. Biodiversity loss is a problem with difficult solution; therefore, in an effort to conserve biodiversity, gene banks have been created to store and conserve the genetic resources.

The main objective was to create a fungal genetic resource collection which allows the conservation of wild fungal biodiversity in the region of La Rioja (Spain) through the development of different fungal conservation techniques.

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