Volume 19 Part 1 Article 155: Diversity and Domestication of Wild Edible Species of Genus Lentinus from North West Himalayas

Volume 19 Part 1 Article 155
Year 2016
Title: Diversity and Domestication of Wild Edible Species of Genus Lentinus from North West Himalayas
Author: Munruchi Kaur

Abstract:
The genus Lentinus Fr. belongs to the family Polyporaceae and is represented by 597 legitimate species the world over in comparison from India the status of this genus being represented by 30 species is very poor. In the study area altitude varies between 196 m – 3,600 m, the Himalayan belt is a mega hotspot centre having rich floristic diversity, represented by well demarcated vegetational zones, comprising of pure coniferous to mixed coniferous to broad leaved trees whereas in the plains the heaps of organic matter, open pastures, road side plantations, gardens, etc. provides perfect habitat for rich macrofungal diversity. In this region the monsoon season starts in June and ends up in mid October. This is the best season for the collection of these mushrooms. The average temperature varies between 18°C to 44°C. The fungal forays to the North West Himalayas were undertaken for the collection of Lentinus. As a result, number of collections of this genus were made worked out, identified and described taxonomically along with their ethanomycological data with respect to their edibility status gathered from the local people. Of the described taxa L. transitus sp. nov. and L. kashmirinus sp. nov. are reported new to science whereas L. adhaerens var. inadharens Melencon & Bertault and L. nigroosseus Pilát are reported for the first time from India. L. nigroosseus, L. velutinus, L. connatus, L. tuberregium and L. tigrinus are known wild edible species which are collected by the local people from the forests fro cooking. L. kashmirinus sp. nov. has good edibility potential being collected by the local. The biochemical analysis of the wild edible taxa along with their domestication trials will be discussed.

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